Class 10 What was Lencho’s pride and possession?

 Class 10 English All Chapter Important and HOTS Question With PDF for Free

Get Class 10 English All Chapter Important and HOTS Question With PDF for Free, This question will help you to crack english board exam with full Mark

HIGH ORDER THINKING SKILLS (HOTS)
 

Class 10 English All Chapter HOTS Question With PDF for Free
Class 10 English All Chapter HOTS Question With PDF for Free


BOOK: FIRST FLIGHT

 

Class 10 English Chapter 1 A LETTER TO GOD HOTS Question. 

Q. What was Leneho’s pride and possession?  


Ans. Lencho lived in the solitary house on the crest of a low hill in the valley. From here, he could survey and see the river, valley and his pride, the field of ripe corn dotted with flowers. These crops always promised a good harvest. 

Their only wish was a downpour or good rain and Lencho, who knew his fields intimately, predicted rain. His prediction turned true when it started raining during dinner. He went out to feel the rain and surveyed with satisfaction, his crop draped in a curtain of rain. He regarded rain drops as a new silver coins. Hence it is the lencho pride and possession. 

 

Q1. What were Lencho’s feelings when the hail stopped?  


Ans. When the hail stopped, Lencho’s soul was filled with sadness. He was very much troubled. His com was totally destroyed. He said, “The hail has left nothing. This year we will have no com. We will all go hungry”. 

 


Q2. Why did the postmaster send a reply to Lencho’s first letter addressed to God?  


Ans. The postmaster was a generous and amiable man. He was impressed by Lencho’s firm faith in God. To sustain that faith, the postmaster sent a reply to Lencho. 

 


Q3. What was Lencho’s pride and possession?  


Ans. Lencho lived in the solitary house on the crest of a low hill in the valley. From here, he could survey and see the river and his pride, the field of ripe corn dotted with flowers. These always promised a good harvest. 

Their only wish was a downpour and Lencho, who knew his fields intimately, predicted rain. His prediction turned true when it started raining during dinner. He went out to feel the rain and surveyed with satisfaction, his crop draped in a curtain of rain. He regarded rain drops as a new silver coins. 

 


Q4. Describe Lencho’s qualities in light of his faith in God. Do you have faith in God like Lencho? Was Lencho’s reaction towards post office employees’ right?  


Ans.: Lencho was a poor farmer who totally depended on the harvest to survive and fulfil basic needs of his family. Once his crops were destroyed due to heavy rainfall and hailstones and he was afraid to think how his family would survive. He believed that God would help him in this plight. He had firm faith in God; he believed that God would not let him be hungry. Now-a-days faith in God like Lencho is almost impossible and unseen. People are very much aware that nobody is willing to help others without any self interest. Lencho’s reaction towards post office employees was not right or justified but it was just because of his innocence as he could not believe that God had done such a mistake. They were only the post office employees who had stolen money according to him. 

 


Q5. Lencho seemed to be an impulsive man who felt suddenly elated at the rainfall and later became sad to see the destruction which the rain had caused. Did he lack of tolerance? Did he not have the courage to face the challenges of life? Elucidate it discussing the values one must possess to face any type of situation.  


Ans. Lencho was a hardworking farmer. He had grown corn in his field and was anxiously hoping for a good rain. He was very happy to see the rain but he became despair on seeing the destroyed crop in his field by the storm. No doubt he had tolerance and the courage to face the challenges in his life. He had a very firm faith in God and after the destruction of his field he was still hopeful that everything will be alright. Although Lencho was a very strong man and working hard in his fields, but his firm faith in God made him write a letter to God. And the tolerance in him only kept him waiting for the reply. He asked for hundred pesos from the God and was confident of receiving the amount. He accepted seventy pesos and again faced the situation by writing a second letter, demanding for the rest of the thirty pesos. His faith in God was not shaken, he tackled the situation bravely. In the same way we should face all situations courageously. We should be tolerant and never lose faith in God. 



 

Class 10 English Chapter 2 NELSON MANDELA: LONG WALK TO FREEDOM HOTS Question. 

 

Q1. What is the meaning of courage to Mandela?  


Ans.: According to Mandela, courage was not the absence of fear, but triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear. Mandela learned the true meaning of courage from his comrades in the struggle. 

 


Q2 .How did the desire for the freedom of his people change Nelson Mandela’s life?  


Ans. The desire for the freedom of his people totally animated Nelson Mandela’s life. He was transformed from a frightened young man to a bold one. The desire turned a law abiding attorney to a criminal. A family- loving husband was turned into a man without a home, changed a life-loving man into a monk. Mandela was no more virtuous as self sacrificing, but he could not even enjoy poor and limited freedom. He felt himself robbed when he came to know that his people were not free. He felt that the slavery of his people was slavery of his own. 

 


Q3 .What unintended effects were produced by decades of oppression?  


Ans. The decades of oppression made Nelson Mandela a strong person. He set out a goal to liberate the people of South Africa from continuing the bondage of poverty deprivation suffering and other discrimination. He decided to have freedom and justice for all. 

 


Q4. Describe the effect of the policy of apartheid on the people of South Africa.  


Ans.: The policy of apartheid could not be considered fortunate for the people of South Africa. It created distance and a deep wound in the country and the people. Many great men like Oliver Tamboo, Walter Sisulu, Yusuf Dadoo, Bram Fischer, etc were produced due to the brutality and oppression. They were men of great character. 

 


Q5. Describe the views of Mandela for the black people who fought and sacrificed their lives for the country’s political independence.  


Ans.: Mandela always said that the political freedom was the result of sacrifices of thousands of the black people who fought for that. He said that it could not be repaid. He thought himself as the sum of all of those African patriots. He regretted that he could not thank them. He cursed the policy of apartheid that wounded the people of his country, which would take centuries to heal. 

He also said that the oppression and brutality of the white people produced great freedom fighters like Oliver Tamboo, Walter Sisulu, Luthuli, Dadoo, Fischer, Sobukwe and many more. They were the men of courage, wisdom and large heartedness. They really suffered a lot for the political freedom of the country. 



Class 10 English Chapter 3 TWO STORIES ABOUT FLYING HOTS Question. 

 

Q1.What made the young seagull tired?  


Ans.: The young seagull was tired because he was weak with hunger and he made a successful attempt for his first flight. 

 


Q2. Why did the writer go to the Control centre immediately?  


Ans.: The writer went to the Control centre to ask about the black aeroplane so he could thank the pilot for saving his life. 

 


Q3. Why was the pilot happy to find his aeroplane behind another aeroplane in the black clouds? Why was he frightened again?  


Ans.: The pilot was happy to find his aeroplane behind another aeroplane in the black clouds because another pilot was helping him come out of the storm clouds. He felt frightened again because the fuel was not sufficient to reach the destination as it was only enough for next five or ten minutes. 

 

Q4. How did the mother make the young seagull come out of his fear and teach him the art of flying?  


Ans. The young seagull was afraid of flying because he thought that his wings won’t support him and he would drown. When his family left him alone of the ledge, he felt alone and was very hungry. His mother knowingly tore a piece of fish near him and flew across to him with it. She came close to him but did not go nearer. Already maddened by hunger, he dived at the fish but fell into space. After sometime his wings spread outwards and he began to fly. 


 

Q5. “Fear and lack of confidence stop one from learning new things.” Do you agree? How did these two traits of the young seagull make him coward? How did he overcome these short comings?  


Ans. Yes, it is true that fear and lack of confidence stop one from learning new things as in the story; the young seagull lacked the value of courage and confidence in his character. He was too scared of flying. His family tried hard to make him fly but he refused to do so because of his fear of sinking in the seawater. They even scolded him for his cowardice. They tried to tempt him with food but he was not willing to learn flying. Once he dived, his fear disappeared and he enjoyed his first flight. It is a fact that unless we try for something and overcome our fear, we can’t learn anything. Confidence and motivation are two most important traits that make any learning possible.


 

Class 10 English Chapter 4. THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK HOTS Question. 

 

Q1. What tells you that Anne loved her grandmother?


Ans. The fact that Anne spent some part of her childhood with her grandmother is self-sufficient to imply connection between the two. Also, she explicitly mentioned in her diary that she misses her grandmother more than anyone is aware of is evident enough that she loved her grandmother. 

 


Q2. Anne called 26th July a ‘tumultuous’ day. Explain the reasons behind it. (3 marks)  


Ans. Anne called 26th July a tumultuous day as it was full of tension and fright. The first warning siren was sent off in the morning. The siren alarmed again around 2 O’clock in the afternoon. Anne and her sister heard loud gunshots. After half an hour, drone of engines faded and life became normal. The city was enveloped in thick fog. But after dinner time, there was another gun-fire round and swarms of planes. Nobody was able to sleep that night because it repeated again at midnight.

 

Q3. From the diary of Anne Frank’ throws light on teacher-student relationship, class atmosphere and discipline Write a paragraph on the values of these aspects of school and how far these values are necessary for learning and life. (5 marks) 


Ans. “The diary of Anne Frank” clearly describes the teacher-student relationship, class atmosphere and discipline. Anne who talks a lot in the class gets punished by Mr Keesing her Maths teacher. He asks her to write essays as punishment which is learning in disguise because he wanted her to focus on studies. He cannot be blamed for the punishment as he did it for the development of Anne. The teacher student relationship is very respectful and sacred. It is about discipline and classroom manners which are essential for every student as well as teacher, otherwise both teaching and learning could hamper. This relationship is clearly shown in Mr Keesing and Anne Frank actions as they both try to joke on each other but in very humorous and healthy manner. So this healthy relationship is needed everywhere in the class for effective teaching and learning. 



 

Class 10 English Chapter 5 THE HUNDRED DRESSES – I  HOTS Question. 

 

Q1. Why did Wanda leave school? How did the attitude of her classmates hurt her? (2 marks)


 Ans. Wanda was a Polish girl studying in a school with American girls. She was not treated well by the girls who made fun of her name and dresses. So her family moved to a big city where no one would make fun of her name and status. The attitude of her classmates hurt her.

 


Q2. How should we judge people around us – by their money and wealth? Or is there something more than that? (3 marks) 


Ans. We judge the people around us by their status and wealth. We ignore the talent and values they possess. It is not the money that makes man a good human being; it is the value, the skill, the talent that makes someone excellent. Peggy and Maddie judged Wanda on the basis of her poverty. Her talent was never recognised. She proved her talent by the end of the story. Peggy and Maddie were not right in their judgement about Wanda.

 


Q3. You are disturbed to know that the girls make fun of Wanda. You don’t appreciate it. You decide to speak about this tendency of making fun of the students if they are weak, ugly or poor. Write your speech. (5 marks) 


Ans. Dear friends, today I would like to address those students who make fun of the students who are weak, ugly or poor. I have come to know that some of us make fun of some girls who are not good looking. We should all remember that if someone is poor or ugly, it is not his/her fault. We are what God has made us. 

We should not go for outer beauty. We should recognise the inner qualities of a person and appreciate them. One may be ugly in appearance but one’s creativity and intelligence may be beyond expectation. We should not insult anybody just because one is poor or ugly. We have no right to show disrespect to someone and humiliate him/her. I hope now onwards we all are friends and will show respect to all. The tendency of making fun of weak, ugly or poor should be given up right now. Let us be good human beings. 

 


 Class 10 English Chapter 6. THE HUNDRED DRESSES- II  HOTS Question

 

Q1. Peggy realised her fault in making fun of Wanda. What does it show about her character? (2 marks)

 

Ans.Peggy said that she had never called Wanda a foreigner and made fun of her name Peggy realised her fault. It shows that she was not a bad human being. She never realised that her innocent fun would hurt Wanda to such an extent. She had a soft corner for her by the end of the story. 

 

Q2. How is Wanda different from other girls? (3 marks) 

Ans.Wanda Petronski was a young Polish girl. She studied in a school with some American children. She was an introvert girl who rarely spoke to anybody in the school. She was different from other students in the school. She did not have good clothes. She always wore faded clothes. She had a funny name. She lived in Boggins Heights. She did not have friends. She usually occupied the seat next to the last seat in the row in the corner where only rough boys sat.

 


Q3. How did Wanda win the hearts of her classmates towards the end of the story? What is more important, money or talent? How did Wanda prove that beauty and wealth do not pay in the long run, it is the talent that helps? (5 marks) 


Ans.Wanda was a poor Polish girl who studied in an American school with the American students. They used to make fun of her name. Maddie and Peggy, two American girls, used Jo teases her by asking her about the dresses she had. Wanda decided to leave the school forever. But before leaving the school she wanted to prove herself and show her talent. She participated in a drawing competition in the school. She made hundred paintings showing hundred different dresses. 

Wanda wrote a letter to Ms Mason telling her that the girls could keep those hundred dresses as a Christmas gift from her. She gifted two special paintings to Maddie and Peggy. She won the hearts of everyone by her gesture. It shows that to win other’s money is not everything. Talent plays a very important role in one’s life. In long run money and beauty do not pay, it is the skill and talent which help us.


 

Class 10 English CHAPTER 7. GLIMPSES OF INDIA HOTS Question. 

 

Q1. Comment on the significance of bread and a bread baker in a traditional Goan village? 


Ans. Bread is a permanent item of a Goan meal and the baker is an important member of the Goan community. This we can definitely say because bread is not only a part of their daily life but also of important occasions like Christmas, festivals, weddings and engagements. These occasions are incomplete without a special preparation for each event, made from bread. Besides, sweet bread ‘bol’ is a special delicacy, served at festivals and cakes and bolinhas are a special charm at Christmas. A baker’s furnace is therefore indispensable in a traditional Goan village. 

 


Q2. The people of Coorg have a tradition of courage and bravery. How has it been recognized in modem India? 


Ans. The people of Coorg are known for their high energy, courageous and adventurous sports like canoeing, rappelling, rock climbing and mountain biking, trekking, etc. The Coorg Regiment is one of the most decorated in the Indian Army. The first Chief of Indian Army, General Cariappa, was a Coorgi. Even now Kodavus are the only people in India permitted to carry firearms without a license. 

 

 

Q3. What details do you gather about tea from the lesson, ‘Tea from Assam’? 


Ans. Tea was first drunk in China. Even the words ‘Chai’ and ‘Chini’ are from Chinese. It goes back to 2700 B.C. In the 16th century tea came to Europe. There are unlimited tea fields in Assam. Unlike the other farms’ labourers, who might never carry the harvest on their backs, the tea pluckers, i.e., the groups of women were there hanging bamboo baskets on their backs. They pluck the newly grown fresh tea leaves from the plants and store them in their baskets. They also wear plastic apron.

 


 

Class 10 English Chapter 9. MADAM RIDES THE BUS HOTS Question. 

Q1.In such a fast moving world when we hear so many incidents happening with people, do you think Valli did right by not telling her mother about the bus journey?

 

Ans. No, I don’t think that Valli did the right thing in travelling alone to the town without informing her mother. By doing this, she put herself in a vulnerable position as she could have easily been a victim of child abuse had she come in contact with wrong people. In fact, she was lucky to return home safely. Children should always travel along with their parents or elders as they are easy targets for criminals. We hear a lot of instances of crime committed against children these days like kidnapping, child abuse, molestation, rape etc. Valli could have expressed her desire of travelling in the bus to her mother. I am sure that her mother would have fulfilled her wish by talking her on a bus ride. 

 


Q.2 The people and surroundings are a great book to learn. Valli in the lesson ‘Madam Rides the

Bus’ learns a lot from others. Mention the traits of her character which help her to learn from her surroundings. 


Ans. Valli dreamt of riding on the bus. Her eagerness to fulfill her dream fired her curiosity. This curiousness led her to listen to the conversations of people going on the bus ride and asking discreet questions so that she could gather as much information as she can, regarding the bus journey. On the bus journey, Valli acted confidently and behaved maturely. She did not consider herself to be any less than an adult. She was focused on fulfilling her dream and did not get tempted to go outside the bus and explore the town when the bus reached the town. On the return journey, she learnt about death when she came to terms with the dead cow. This made her aware of the fact that death is a part of life and should be accepted as it is a natural phenomenon. Thus, the bus journey made her learn a lot of things. 

 


Q3. Age is not a barrier when it comes to doing something different and great. Which characteristics of Valli help her achieve the wonder of visiting the town at such a tender age? 


Ans. In today’s era, age is no more a barrier. Children are doing wonders at a very young age. Same goes with Valli. At an age of 8 years, Valli was able to pursue her dream all alone by travelling in the bus to town. She was no different from others, except that she had certain characteristics that made her fulfil her dreams. Valli was a very confident and a bold girl. She had knowledge of proper planning and execution. She controlled her wishes to save money for the bus ride. Also, she was a very good observer and learner. All these qualities made her realise the dream of visiting the town. Hence, one should always remember that there is no age to learn and experience new things. 



 

 Class 10 English Chapter 10. THE SERMON AT BENARES 

HOTS Question. 

 

Q1. How do you usually understand the idea of selfishness? Do you agree with Kisa Gotami that she was ‘selfish’ on her grief? Is it natural for people to be selfish at times?


Answer: ‘Selfishness’ means when a person does something only for his own benefit or think only about him/ her self. Kisa Gotami was selfish in wanting her dead son to be alive. It was a mother’s love which had blinded her. She was wrong in wanting that. She could not see the reality of life. It is perfectly natural for anyone to be selfish at times. When this desire becomes harmful to others or the demands become unrealistic, it is wrong. A little bit of selfishness is there in generally everyone and it is natural to be so. 

 


Q2. The Buddha said, ‘The world is afflicted with death and decay, and therefore the wise do not grieve, knowing the terms of the world.’ Do you think the statement is appropriate even for today’s life? Write your views in the context of the above statement. 


Answer: ‘Sakyamuni’s’ first Sermon at Benares was to accept death as a fact, as a truth that cannot change Grieving and lamenting cannot lessen the pain or revive a dead one, but only make life more difficult. ‘Man is mortal’, is a harsh reality which is as steadfast as the various other natural phenomena. The cycle of birth and death is eternal and continues ceaselessly. Acceptance of this truth is important and in the light of the transient nature of life, one must strive to do at least one good deed every day and live life to the fullest. 

 


Q3. Life is full of trials and tribulations. Kisa Gotami also passes through a period of grief in her life. How does she behave in those circumstances? What lesson does a reader learn from the story of her life? Give any two points how you would like to act in the midst of adverse circumstances.  


Answer: Life is full of trials and tribulations. Kisa Gotami also passes through a grief in her life when her only son died. She went from house to house in search of a medicine to cure him. She had become selfish in wanting her son back, but later she realised that man is immortal. The lesson we learn from her story is that peace of mind cannot be obtained by grieving. I would try to overcome my sorrow and accept the fact that human life is mortal, when faced with such a situation.

 

 

 

 

Class 10 English Chapter 11. THE PROPOSAL HOTS Question

 

Q1.  Anton Chekov has used humour and exaggeration in the play to comment on courtship in his times. Illustrate with examples from the lesson, “The Proposal”. Also mention the values, you think, any healthy relationship requires.  

OR

The principle ‘forgive and forget’ helps a lot is maintaining cordial relations with our neighbours. Do you think Chubukov conveys this message in the play “The Proposal’?  

Ans. Lomov and Natalaya meet for a serious purpose, i.e., to talk about marriage that decides the progress of one’s life as a member of the conventionally established society. But the purpose of their meeting gets lost on two consecutive occasions because Lomov’s faith in the values of his society disrupts his approach to the topic of marriage. He learns that the girl and her father like him, but, instead of proposing to marry her and discussing how their marriage should be organised, he goes on to talk about properties, relations, family histories, and pets, draws them into an unnecessary argument, and antagonises both of them. 

Finally, Chubukov marries Lomov and Natasha by force before another problem crops up. Thus the play ends in a comic note, just because the couple gets together with their father to celebrate their marriage while the dispute over the pets is still continuing. For any healthy relationship there should be mutual understanding and respect. Quarreling over trivial issues like dog cannot guarantee longevity of a relationship. 

 


Q2. Is Natalaya really a lovesick cat as called by her father? If it is so, why does she quarrel with Lomov?  

Ans. Natalaya was a young unmarried girl of twenty five years. She lived in the neighbourhood of Lomov, a young unmarried man. She was an excellent housekeeper and was not bad looking. She wanted love in her life. Her father called her a lovesick cat. Lomov said that she was well educated, but she did not seem to be so. 

She was very quarrelsome and abusive by nature. She began a bitter quarrel with Lomov over a piece of land that had little value. She said that those meadows were not much worth to her but she could not stand unfairness. But when she learnt that Lomov had come to propose to her, she forgot all fairness and unfairness.

She began to wail over the lost chance. She forced her father to call him back. But in no time, she started quarrelling with him again. It was on their dogs. Both claimed their respective dogs to be of a superior breed. 

 


Q3. Justify the title ‘The Proposal’. 

Ans.The title of the play ‘The Proposal’ is very appropriate. A young man, Lomov wants to propose Natalya for marriage. He goes to her house for the same. Being confused, he doesn’t propose at once. He beats about the bush. He speaks irrelevantly. As Natalya doesn’t know that he has come to propose her, she thinks that he has come to claim oxen meadows as his own, she starts quarrelling. This results in one after another quarrel. After her father Chubukov reconciles; Natalya comes to know that he has come to propose her. Then at once she forgets the issue of fighting. Then the proposal is made and accepted. Finally, they get engaged.  

 


Q4. Neighbours must have a cordial relationship which Lomov and Natalya do not have. Describe the first fight between them.  


Ans. Lomov and Natalya were next-door neighbours. One day, Lomov came to Natalya to propose her. Natalya, who didn’t know that he had come to propose her, thought that he had come to claim Oxen

Meadows as his own. When Chubukov, Natalya’s father, interfered with them and also pleaded that the Oxen Meadows were the properties of Chubukov, the fight aggravated. For a few moments, Lomov’s real purpose was overshadowed by that issue and he continued the bias that meadows belonged to his aunt’s grandmother who gave them to the peasants of Chubukov’s grandfather on the condition that they would prepare bricks for her. So, how it could be considered as Natalya’s property? Though both Lomov and Chubukov, Natalya’s father, were very rich landlords, they quarreled over a tiny piece of land, called, ‘Oxen Meadows’. But that was not the end of quarrel. Natalya didn’t agree with Lomov’s explanation. Instead, she offered to make a present of it to Lomov who, in turn, rejected the suggestion. And the quarrel continued endlessly. Such first meeting of Lomov and Natalya had in itself seeds of things (quarrels over petty issues) to be expected in their married life. 


 

Q5. Give a character sketch of Lomov.  


Ans. Lomov was a funny man. Physically he was weak but financially he was sound. He was a rich bachelor who wanted to marry Natalya. He was not really in love with Natalya but wanted to marry her because he thought that she was a good-housekeeper and beautiful. He said if he desired for an ideal or real love, he would never get married. He felt that he was 35, now he must lead a quiet and regular life. When he went to propose her, he got diverted. Actually, Natalya thought that he had come to claim oxen meadows as his own, quarrel took place between them. One more time they quarrelled over petty issues. Before finally proposing to her, he fainted and after that shouted a lot but finally succeeded to get acceptance.

Q6. Descibe the incidents of humour in the play, ’The Proposal’ ? 


Ans. Dear friends, today I would like to address those students who make fun of the students who are weak, ugly or poor. I have come to know that some of us make fun of some girls who are not good looking. We should all remember that if someone is poor or ugly, it is not his/her fault. We are what God has made us. 

We should not go for outer beauty. We should recognise the inner qualities of a person and appreciate them. One may be ugly in appearance but one’s creativity and intelligence may be beyond expectation. We should not insult anybody just because one is poor or ugly. We have no right to show disrespect to someone and humiliate him/her. I hope now onwards we all are friends and will show respect to all. The tendency of making fun of weak, ugly or poor should be given up right now. Let us be good human beings. 



 

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