Class 10 English All Chapter Important and HOTS Question With PDF for Free
HIGH ORDER THINKING SKILLS (HOTS)
|Class 10 English All Chapter HOTS Question With PDF for Free|
BOOK: FIRST FLIGHT
Class 10 English Chapter 1 A LETTER TO GOD HOTS Question.
Q. What was Leneho’s pride and possession?
Ans.Lencho lived in the solitary house on the crest of a low hill in the valley. From here, he could survey and see the river, valley and his pride, the field of ripe corn dotted with flowers. These crops always promised a good harvest.
Their only wish was a downpour or good rain and Lencho, who knew his fields intimately, predicted rain. His prediction turned true when it started raining during dinner. He went out to feel the rain and surveyed with satisfaction, his crop draped in a curtain of rain. He regarded rain drops as a new silver coins.Hence it is the lencho pride and possession.
Q1. What were Lencho’s feelings when the hail stopped?
Ans. When the hail stopped, Lencho’s soul was filled with sadness. He was very much troubled. His com was totally destroyed. He said, “The hail has left nothing. This year we will have no com. We will all go hungry”.
Q2. Why did the postmaster send a reply to Lencho’s first letter addressed to God?
Ans. The postmaster was a generous and amiable man. He was impressed by Lencho’s firm faith in God. To sustain that faith, the postmaster sent a reply to Lencho.
Q3. What was Lencho’s pride and possession?
Ans. Lencho lived in the solitary house on the crest of a low hill in the valley. From here, he could survey and see the river and his pride, the field of ripe corn dotted with flowers. These always promised a good harvest.
Their only wish was a downpour and Lencho, who knew his fields intimately, predicted rain. His prediction turned true when it started raining during dinner. He went out to feel the rain and surveyed with satisfaction, his crop draped in a curtain of rain. He regarded rain drops as a new silver coins.
Q4. Describe Lencho’s qualities in light of his faith in God. Do you have faith in God likeLencho? Was Lencho’s reaction towards post office employees’ right?
Ans.: Lencho was a poor farmer who totally depended on the harvest to survive and fulfil basic needs of his family. Once his crops were destroyed due to heavy rainfall and hailstones and he was afraid to think how his family would survive. He believed that God would help him in this plight. He had firm faith in God; he believed that God would not let him be hungry. Now-a-days faith in God like Lencho is almost impossible and unseen. People are very much aware that nobody is willing to help others without any self interest. Lencho’s reaction towards post office employees was not right or justified but it was just because of his innocence as he could not believe that God had done such a mistake. They were only the post office employees who had stolen money according to him.
Q5. Lencho seemed to be an impulsive man who felt suddenly elated at the rainfall and later became sad to see the destruction which the rain had caused. Did he lack of tolerance? Did he not have the courage to face the challenges of life? Elucidate it discussing the values one must possess to face any type of situation.
Ans. Lencho was a hardworking farmer. He had grown corn in his field and was anxiously hoping for a good rain. He was very happy to see the rain but he became despair on seeing the destroyed crop in his field by the storm. No doubt he had tolerance and the courage to face the challenges in his life. He had a very firm faith in God and after the destruction of his field he was still hopeful that everything will be alright. Although Lencho was a very strong man and working hard in his fields, but his firm faith in God made him write a letter to God. And the tolerance in him only kept him waiting for the reply. He asked for hundred pesos from the God and was confident of receiving the amount. He accepted seventy pesos and again faced the situation by writing a second letter, demanding for the rest of the thirty pesos. His faith in God was not shaken, he tackled the situation bravely. In the same way we should face all situations courageously. We should be tolerant and never lose faith in God.
Class 10 English Chapter 2 NELSON MANDELA: LONG WALK TO FREEDOM HOTS Question.
Q1. What is the meaning of courage to Mandela?
Ans.: According to Mandela, courage was not the absence of fear, but triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear. Mandela learned the true meaning of courage from his comrades in the struggle.
Q2 .How did the desire for the freedom of his people change Nelson Mandela’s life?
Ans. The desire for the freedom of his people totally animated Nelson Mandela’s life. He was transformed from a frightened young man to a bold one. The desire turned a law abiding attorney to a criminal. A family- loving husband was turned into a man without a home, changed a life-loving man into a monk. Mandela was no more virtuous as self sacrificing, but he could not even enjoy poor and limited freedom. He felt himself robbed when he came to know that his people were not free. He felt that the slavery of his people was slavery of his own.
Q3 .What unintended effects were produced by decades of oppression?
Ans. The decades of oppression made Nelson Mandela a strong person. He set out a goal to liberate the people of South Africa from continuing the bondage of poverty deprivation suffering and other discrimination. He decided to have freedom and justice for all.
Q4. Describe the effect of the policy of apartheid on the people of South Africa.
Ans.: The policy of apartheid could not be considered fortunate for the people of South Africa. It created distance and a deep wound in the country and the people. Many great men like Oliver Tamboo, Walter Sisulu, Yusuf Dadoo, Bram Fischer, etc were produced due to the brutality and oppression. They were men of great character.
Q5. Describe the views of Mandela for the black people who fought and sacrificed their lives for the country’s political independence.
Ans.: Mandela always said that the political freedom was the result of sacrifices of thousands of the black people who fought for that. He said that it could not be repaid. He thought himself as the sum of all of those African patriots. He regretted that he could not thank them. He cursed the policy of apartheid that wounded the people of his country, which would take centuries to heal.
He also said that the oppression and brutality of the white people produced great freedom fighters like Oliver Tamboo, Walter Sisulu, Luthuli, Dadoo, Fischer, Sobukwe and many more. They were the men of courage, wisdom and large heartedness. They really suffered a lot for the political freedom of the country.
Class 10 English Chapter 3 TWO STORIES ABOUT FLYING HOTS Question.
Q1.What made the young seagull tired?
Ans.: The young seagull was tired because he was weak with hunger and he made a successful attempt for his first flight.
Q2. Why did the writer go to the Control centre immediately?
Ans.: The writer went to the Control centre to ask about the black aeroplane so he could thank the pilot for saving his life.
Q3. Why was the pilot happy to find his aeroplane behind another aeroplane in the black clouds? Why was he frightened again?
Ans.: The pilot was happy to find his aeroplane behind another aeroplane in the black clouds because another pilot was helping him come out of the storm clouds. He felt frightened again because the fuel was not sufficient to reach the destination as it was only enough for next five or ten minutes.
Q4. How did the mother make the young seagull come out of his fear and teach him the art of flying?
Ans. The young seagull was afraid of flying because he thought that his wings won’t support him and he would drown. When his family left him alone of the ledge, he felt alone and was very hungry. His mother knowingly tore a piece of fish near him and flew across to him with it. She came close to him but did not go nearer. Already maddened by hunger, he dived at the fish but fell into space. After some time his wings spread outwards and he began to fly.
Q5. “Fear and lack of confidence stop one from learning new things.” Do you agree? How did these two traits of the young seagull make him a coward? How did he overcome these shortcomings?
Ans. Yes, it is true that fear and lack of confidence stop one from learning new things as in the story; the young seagull lacked the value of courage and confidence in his character. He was too scared of flying. His family tried hard to make him fly but he refused to do so because of his fear of sinking in the seawater. They even scolded him for his cowardice. They tried to tempt him with food but he was not willing to learn flying. Once he dived, his fear disappeared and he enjoyed his first flight. It is a fact that unless we try for something and overcome our fear, we can’t learn anything. Confidence and motivation are two most important traits that make any learning possible.
Class 10 English Chapter 4. THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK Question.
Q1. What tells you that Anne loved her grandmother?
Ans. The fact that Anne spent some part of her childhood with her grandmother is self-sufficient to imply connection between the two. Also, she explicitly mentioned in her diary that she misses her grandmother more than anyone is aware of is evident enough that she loved her grandmother.
Q2. Anne called 26th July a ‘tumultuous’ day. Explain the reasons behind it. (3 marks)
Ans. Anne called 26th July a tumultuous day as it was full of tension and fright. The first warning siren was sent off in the morning. The siren alarmed again around 2 O’clock in the afternoon. Anne and her sister heard loud gunshots. After half an hour, drone of engines faded and life became normal. The city was enveloped in thick fog. But after dinner time, there was another gun-fire round and swarms of planes. Nobody was able to sleep that night because it repeated again at midnight.
Q3. From the diary of Anne Frank’ throws light on teacher-student relationship, class atmosphere and discipline Write a paragraph on the values of these aspects of school and how far these values are necessary for learning and life. (5 marks)
Ans. “The Diary of Anne Frank” clearly describes the teacher-student relationship, class atmosphere, and discipline. Anne who talks a lot in class gets punished by Mr. Keesing her Maths teacher. He asks her to write essays as punishment which is learning in disguise because he wanted her to focus on their studies. He cannot be blamed for the punishment as he did for the development of Anne. The teacher-student relationship is very respectful and sacred. It is about discipline and classroom manners which are essential for every student as well as teacher, otherwise, both teaching and learning could be hampered. This relationship is clearly shown in Mr. Keesing and Anne Frank’s actions as they both try to joke on each other but in a very humorous and healthy manner. So this healthy relationship is needed everywhere in the class for effective teaching and learning.
Class 10 English Chapter 5 THE HUNDRED DRESSES – I HOTS Question.
Q1. Why did Wanda leave school? How did the attitude of her classmates hurt her? (2 marks)
Ans. Wanda was a Polish girl studying in a school with American girls. She was not treated well by the girls who made fun of her name and dresses. So her family moved to a big city where no one would make fun of her name and status. The attitude of her classmates hurt her.
Q2. How should we judge people around us – by their money and wealth? Or is there something more than that? (3 marks)
Ans. We judge the people around us by their status and wealth. We ignore the talent and values they possess. It is not the money that makes a man a good human being; it is the value, the skill, the talent that makes someone excellent. Peggy and Maddie judged Wanda on the basis of her poverty. Her talent was never recognized. She proved her talent by the end of the story. Peggy and Maddie were not right in their judgment about Wanda.
Q3. You are disturbed to know that the girls make fun of Wanda. You don’t appreciate it. You decide to speak about this tendency of making fun of the students if they are weak, ugly or poor. Write your speech. (5 marks)
Ans. Dear friends, today I would like to address those students who make fun of the students who are weak, ugly or poor. I have come to know that some of us make fun of some girls who are not good-looking. We should all remember that if someone is poor or ugly, it is not his/her fault. We are what God has made us.
We should not go for outer beauty. We should recognise the inner qualities of a person and appreciate them. One may be ugly in appearance but one’s creativity and intelligence may be beyond expectation. We should not insult anybody just because one is poor or ugly. We have no right to show disrespect to someone and humiliate him/her. I hope now onwards we all are friends and will show respect to all. The tendency of making fun of weak, ugly or poor should be given up right now. Let us be good human beings.