Hello there, students! I’m Arhan Khan from CrackCBSE – CBSE Students’ Learning Platform. Today, I’m going to give you with a CBSE The Ailing Planet Class 11 Summary that will support you in boosting your English understanding. You can improve your grades in class, periodic tests, and the CBSE board exam by using this CBSE and the ailing planet pdf . You can also download The Ailing Planet Class 11 Summary for free from this page. So, without further ado, let’s get start learning.
- 1 the ailing planet Chapter Sketch
- 2 Also Read
- 3 the ailing planet summary
- 4 The Green Movement
- 5 The Concept of Sustainable Development
- 6 Man and the Other Living Species
- 7 Earth’s Principal Biological Systems
- 8 Mankind Destroys Forests
- 9 The Menace of Overpopulation
- 10 Era of Responsibility
- 11 Word Meanings
the ailing planet Chapter Sketch
This newspaper article is a sad commentary on the gradual deterioration of Earth’s environment. Our planet is no longer a pleasant place to live in. Fisheries, forests, grasslands, and croplands need to be preserved and
protected. The article suggests that we should try to limit the rise in population
and stop the perpetuation of poverty. The Green Movement started in 1972, is the only hope for the survival of this planet as well as that of the human race.
- CBSE term 2 date sheet : CBSE term 2 syllabus class 10
- Manufacturing Industries Class 10 Notes: Topic Wise Explaination And Quick Revision
- Globalisation and the Indian Economy Class 10 Notes: Mind map, Quick Revision, Important Terms
- Money and credit class 10: Mind Map, Quick Revision and Important dates
- Outcomes Of Democracy Class 10 Notes | CBSE Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 Notes
the ailing planet summary
The chapter is based on an article written by Nani Palkhivala. The article was published in the Indian Express on 24th November 1994 and raised the issue of environmental degradation of the planet.
The Green Movement
The Green Movement, which started nearly 25 years earlier than the publication of the article, is one of the most important movements that captivated the entire human race. The movement gained popularity in 1972 after the creation of the world’s first nationwide Green party in New Zealand. Since then a revolutionary change has been seen in the perception of human beings. There has been a shift from the scientific understanding developed by Copernicus to a holistic and ecological view of the world.
For the first time, there is a growing worldwide realization that the earth itself is a living organism. It has its own metabolic needs and fundamental processes which need to be respected and preserved. With the Earth showing signs of declining health, humans have realized their ethical obligations to protect and preserve the planet for the futher generations.
The Concept of Sustainable Development
The concept of Sustainable Development was popularised in 1987 by the World Commission on Environment and Development. It was defined as the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the needs of future generations. In other words, we should pursue development without emptying the resources the future generations will need.
Man and the Other Living Species
A cage in the zoo at Lusaka contains a mirror with a notice that reads ‘The world’s most dangerous animal’. This along with numerous efforts of many agencies across the world has made human beings come to the realization that they should live in harmony with other living beings of the planet and not seek to control them anymore. Scientists till then had listed 1.4 million living species on Earth and believed that about 3 to 100 million species still remain unknown and endangered.
Earth’s Principal Biological Systems
The Brandt Commission was one of the first international commissions which dealt with the question of ecology and the environment. It had Mr. LK Jha as its member. The First Brandt Report raised the question of how we want to leave our planet for our successors.
Mr Lester R Brown, in his book, ‘The Global Economic Prospect’, points out that the Earth has four major biological systems. They are fisheries, forests, grasslands, and croplands. These four form the foundation of the global economic system. Besides providing us with food, they provide nearly all the raw materials for industries except minerals and petroleum-derived synthetics. In many parts of the world, humans are over-exploiting these systems due to which their productivity is hampered.
The unsustainable and excessive demand has resulted in the deterioration and depletion of resources leading to the breakdown of fisheries, the disappearance of forests, the deterioration of croplands, and the turning of grasslands into
barren lands. Overfishing for protein and deforestation to obtain fuel for working are some examples of these excessive demands.
A consequence of meeting these excessive demands is the extinction of many species and the increase in the land area covering deserts.
Mankind Destroys Forests
The unsustainable dependence of these systems has a drastic negative impact on the forest area. The ancient inheritance of tropical forests is now eroding at the rate of 40 to 50 million acres per year. In addition, the growing use of dung for combustion deprives the soil of an important natural fertilizer. The World Bank estimates that a five-fold increase in the rate of forest planting is needed to cope with the expected fuelwood demand in the year 2000.
James Speth, the President of the World Resources Institute, revealed that we are losing the forests at the rate of an acre-and-a-half a second.
Article 48A of the Indian Constitution states that it is the duty of the state to make efforts to “Protect and improve the environment and safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country”. Unfortunately, such laws are neither respected nor enforced in India. A report by the Parliament’s estimates committee highlights that India is exhausting 3.7 million acres of forest land every year. The large areas of official forest lands are virtually treeless. The actual loss of forests at present is about eight times the rate presented by government data.
The Menace of Overpopulation
A three-year study by the United Nations found that the environment is in a critical state in many of the 88 countries investigated.
One of the most prominent factors for such a condition is the growth of world’s population. Mankind took than more a million years to reach the first billion in 1800. Another billion was added in 1900 and 3.7 billion was added in the twentieth century. As of 1994, the world population was at 5.7 billion with one million being added to it every four days.
In 1994, India’s population was estimated to be 920 million, pointing to the need of giving population control the topmost priority. Development can be the best contraceptive, as with increased income, education level and health, fertility falls However, with rising population it is impossible.
The increase in population also increases the economic gap, making the rich richer and the poor poorer. The increase can’t be dealt with forceful control of the population, hence leaving the only choice to be between control of the population and never-ending growth in of poverty.
Era of Responsibility
The new holistic view of the world towards the environment has began the era of responsibility. In this view, the concern has shifted to the survival of not only the people but also the planet. In this ecological view, the world is seen as an integrated whole and not a collection of parts.
Industries play a central role in this new era with business’s excelling in environmental performance. The chapter (article) ends with the words of Margert Thatcher and Mr. Lester Brown stating that no one has a
freehold on earth and that it is not our property. We need to keep the resources and the environment intact for the future generations.
The given page numbers correspond to the pages in the prescribed NCERT textbook.
|Holistic||Complete and comprehensive|
|Ecological||Concerned with the relation of living |
creatures to the environment of a
|Word Page 44||Meaning|
|Metabolic||Related to a chemical process in living|
things that changes food into energy
and materials for growth
|Ethical||Connected with beliefs and principles|
about what is right and wrong
|Unsustainable||Not possible to replace|
|Way to control population|
|Beget||Give birth to|
|Coercion||Use of force|
I hope that the notes The Ailing Planet Class 11 Summary will be of great assistance to you, and that if you study it carefully, you will be able to pass the CBSE exam. If you have any questions or concerns with summary of the ailing planet , please post them in the comments below or contact us and we will do our best to answer them. CrackCBSE professionals prepared this the ailing planet question and answer if you notice any errors, kindly let us know by leaving a comment.