Glimpses of India – A Baker from Goa Class 10 Summary | Class 10 English Chapter 7 Summary

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Chapter Sketch of ‘ A Baker from Goa’

This part of the chapter is a pen-portrait of a traditional Goan village baker or “Pader’ who still has an important place in the Goan culture.

A Baker From Goa By Lucio Rodrigues

The lesson ‘A BAKER FROM GOA’ revolves around the significance of a baker in the Goan society with bread forming an integral part of the Goan celebrations. The lesson begins with the Portuguese influence in bread making. In spite of their departure, the bread maker or the
baker has retained an ineluctable stature. The baker known as Pader in Goa used to be regarded as a friend, companion and guide who visited twice a day.
The musical jhang-jhang announced his arrival in the morning to deliver loaves for the elders and bread bangles for the children who in their eagerness didn’t care even to brush their teeth before having it. Bread was a prominent dish served on various occasions in different forms which made the presence of the baker absolutely essential. The writer mentions about the attire of the baker during the Portuguese days.
It was called a ‘Kabai’ which was a single-piece long frock reaching down to the knees which later changed to a shirt and trousers. The trouser shorter than full-length pants and longer than the half-pants which is now popularly worn by many known as a ‘Bermuda’. The baker recorded his accounts on a wall using a pencil, which he collected at the end of the month. The lesson ends by stating that baking was a profitable business and the baker, his family and servants looked very happy and prosperous with a plump physique.

The Old Portuguese Days in Goa

In the old days of Goa, the Portuguese were famous for their loaves of bread. The Portuguese left Goa a long time ago but the traditional bakers and their furnaces (a machine for baking) still exist there. The mixers, molders and the people who bake the loaves still exist carrying on their business of baking. The sound of the baker’s bamboo in the morning can still be heard in some places. These bakers are still known as pader in Goa

The Traditional Baker during the Narrator’s Childhood

The narrator recalls his childhood in Goa, when the baker used to be their friend, companion and guide. He came to their house twice a day. He came once in the morning while selling his bread and again in the evening after selling all his bread.

The baker used to arrive with a jingling sound of the bamboo stick that woke everyone up. As soon as the children heard the sound, they ran to meet the baker and get the bread handles which was sometimes made of sweet bread.

The Baker’s Arrival

The baker used to carry the bread basket on his head along with a bamboo stick. His one hand supported the basket and the other hand banged the bamboo stick on the ground. As
the baker came, he would great the lady of the house and put his basket on the stick The children would be pushed aside and the loaves would be delivered to the maidservant. Howerver, the children still found a way to peep into the basket. The author remembers the sweet fragrance of the bread and how they did not even brush their teeth before eating anything.

Importance of Bread in Traditional Ceremonies

The presence of a baker was essential during those times in Goa. Marriages or any festival were incomplete without the sweet bread known as bol. Sandwiches were prepared by the lady of the house for her daughter’s engagement. Cakes and Bolinhas were essential for Christmas and other festivals

The Baker’s Dress and Monthly Accounts

The baker in Goa wore a special dress known as Kabai. It was a single piece long frock that reached down to his knees. During the narrator’s childhood, bakers wore shirts trousers which were shorter than full-length and longer than half pants. Even today in Goa, if anyone in the streets is seen wearing half pants, he is referred to as a pader. The baker used to maintain his monthly accounts on a wall in pencil and collected his bills at the end of the month

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Baking: A Profitable Profession

In old days, baking was a profitable profession. A baker’s family and servants were always happy and prosperous. Their plump body structure proved the fact that a baker and their family were never hungry.

Word Meanings:

  • Reminiscing nostagically: thinking fondly of the past
  • Vanished: to disappear
  • Mixers: People Who kneeding the Flour
  • Moulders: People who gave speacial shape to bread
  • Furnace: Very hot enclosed chamber
  • Extinguisged: to end
  • Thud: a dull and heavy sound
  • Jingle :a light ringing sound
  • Peculiar: particular
  • Prosperoud: Marked Success
  • Open Testimony: Public testing about quality


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